Saturday , 25 October 2014

Getting Started With Orchids

Orchids_003Orchids have a universal appeal bringing joy and happiness into the world. They are wildly diverse and grow in many environments. For those lucky enough to live where orchids grow wild, growing orchids is probably not something you would spend much time worrying about. For the rest of us, growing orchids can be an intimidating venture.  There are lots of good books about getting started with orchids. At this point if you were interested enough to consider growing your own orchids, you could benefit greatly by investing some time into learning more about the best orchids to grow for beginners.

Growing Orchids

Actually, orchids can be easy or difficult to grow depending on which variety you decide to grow. There are several varieties of orchids that are relatively easy orchids to cultivate. First pick one that is adaptable to your local environment and then make a selection from this list of four easy to grow orchid varieties for beginners.

  • Dendrobiums
  • Oncidiums
  • Paphiopedilums
  • Phalaenopsis

When growing indoors, whether you place your orchid in a bright window, or a window with partial shade it depends on what variety you select. Feel free to experiment occasionally and take your orchid outside if the weather is nice and let it enjoy the outdoor humidity. Most orchids need between one and six hours or direct sunlight each day although some are shade loving and require no direct sunlight at all. When potted indoors, a tray of gravel filled with water can help to supplement and simulate the natural humidity. Remember that air conditioned air can be very dry so don’t forget to mist your orchids in the morning. If the orchids grow media requires moisture, don’t flood the root zone or the orchid’s roots will suffer from rot.

Best Orchids

Dendrobiums:

12354186-pink-purple-dendrobium-orchid-flower-on-white-backgroundDendrobiums are a diverse genus of orchids with tall slender stems called pseudobulbs. Care for your dendrobium orchid includes watering suitable to the type of media and size of pot. You should water in the morning if possible so the leaves are dry by night. In general, a twice weekly watering schedule works well. The tall slender stems of the Dendrobiums are called pseudobulbs and should not be trimmed as the flowers grow directly out of the pseudobulb. After blooming is completed, trim back to the main stem and continue to care for the orchid by watering and fertilizing. A new bloom will emerge after some time has passed (up to a year), so be patient and wait for the next beautiful bloom.

Oncidiums:

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Oncidiums can tolerate a range of conditions. They are found naturally in both coastal and mountainous environments. Oncidiums are well suited for warmer climates, generally in the eighties during the day and twenty degrees cooler at night. They can tolerate temperatures ten degrees warmer but remember that this will also require a corresponding increase in the humidity. Remember they draw sustenance from the air around them so humidity is an important concern.

 

Paphiopedilum:

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Paphiopedilum grow wild on the forest floors of Indonesia in the moss and humus. This shade loving genus is perfect for indoor orchids and can be grown without the need for direct sunlight. Keep the roots moist, but not saturated. Growing conditions are mild with day time temperatures in the low to mid seventies. There are actually cool and warm varieties but excellent results are common at the average of the range all members of the Paphiopedilum genus. The night time temp can range as low as into the forties without harming the plant. The trickiest part is just keeping the plants roots properly watered and making sure that a tray of water saturated gravel is placed under the pot to increase the local humidity. By all means keep them outdoors if the conditions are within their tolerance range.

Phalaenopsis:

Phalaenopsis-dePhalaenopsis orchids, the moth orchid, are favorite orchids for beginners to grow in the home. They will have several blooms during the year. Watering your Phalaenopsis orchid is the key to keeping it healthy. The leaves should never be allowed to dry out completely and should be watered in the morning as needed. Depending on the time of year and location, this time period could range between two days to ten days. The normal home environment is good for this genus, but keeping humidity high (preferably above fifty percent) is important as with other orchids.

 

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